Timanfaya National Park

Timanfaya National Park

Timanfaya as we know it today, is explained by the eruptions between 1730 and 1736 and in 1824. These are the causes of the birth of hundreds of craters that we can see today in this magnificent place that has an area of 200 km2. These eruptions are among the most important in world volcanism, both for its duration as well as the number of products issued.

How to get there

It is located between the towns of Tinajo and Yaiza, about half an hour by car from Arrecife. We recommend taking the route of the LZ-67 road, which passes through Mancha Blanca, to get to know the area. in Timanfaya Visitor Center. from there they will also tell us where it is. the parking and the entrance to the National Park. Doing this tour constitutes a unique experience for the visitor. The impressive black lava fields are crossed, the road, the same color as the lava, blends with the badlands.

You can get there by public transport, but it is not highly recommended, since you will have to take a bus to Yaiza  a taxi to Timanfaya.

Visit to Timanfaya

In the heart of the Timanfaya National Park, one of the 12 existing in Spain, are Las Montañas del Fuego, which comprise a spectacular sea of lava dotted with dozens of volcanic cones. This area registers some geothermal activity, which specialists call "anomalies". The best known are those shown to visitors on the Islote del Hilario, where the temperature reaches 400º; C at a depth of 2 m. In a small excavation we see how majorera gorse catches fire by itself in a moment, while if water is introduced into a small hole in the sole it is immediately generated by evaporation, artificially and with a deafening noise, the phenomenon geyser.

We can also find the El Diablo Restaurant, a circular building with a façade covered in volcanic stone perfectly integrated into the environment. Visitors can see inside a well of about 5 m. deep, with variable temperatures between 80 and 200º C that arise from the bowels of the earth, which is used as a natural oven by the kitchen of the restaurant itself.

The park hours are similar to the Visitor Center, from 9:00 a.m. to 5:45 p.m.. There are buses that operate daily within Timanfaya between these hours.

National Park

The sum of the natural and landscape values determined that a large part of this area was classified as Timanfaya National Park.

The designation of National Park corresponds to the highest category of nature protection. It was declared as such on August 9, 1974. This space occupies an area composed of volcanic remains of 51.07km² to the southwest of the island of Lanzarote. is completely surrounded, except for the west facing the sea, by the Los Volcanes Natural Park.

This park originated from As a result of the last eruptions that occurred on the island of Lanzarote in the 18th century, between 1730 and 1736. Therefore, this habitat volca Unique, as it is an area where human presence has been practically nil, it is in the early stages of ecological succession (in total there are about 180 plant species, in mostly lichens), making it an excellent place for research on colonization processes (fauna and flora).

It has more than 25 volcanoes, some of them emblematic, such as the Montañas del Fuego, Montaña Rajada or the Caldera del Corazoncillo. It still shows volcanic activity, with hot spots on the surface that reach 100º-120ºC and 600ºC at a depth of 13 metres.

Various elements of scientific, geological and geomorphological interest of great singularity abound, such as hornitos, caves, badlands, etc., and of scenic beauty.

The islets

They are home to the largest variety of flora and fauna in the entire National Park and are located mainly in the southern and eastern borders of the Park. They are small elevations of land and the only places that were not affected by the last eruptions of the 18th century. The islets are true oases in which most of the animal and plant life has taken refuge.

Flora

Plant colonization is increasing. verifying on two well-differentiated fronts.

The natural development of living beings by way of succession, which gradually expands over mineral terrain.

The expansion of the plants that survived the eruptions of 1730-36 and 1824, taking refuge in the so-called islets, patches of territory that escaped the action of lava flows.

Regarding successional development, algae, mosses and lichens initiate this process. The lichens, formed by a fungus and an algae, are plants capable of resisting extreme environmental conditions, which have colonized the lava taking advantage of the environmental humidity provided by the sea winds and organic waste. The lichens are responsible for transforming the soil, creating the conditions for the subsequent installation of higher plants that require more developed substrates.

In the oldest areas there are frequent formations of tabaibales, wild geranium, little hearts...

Wildlife

In terms of fauna, reptiles and birds dominate, which have adapted well to the exceptional conditions of the park.

The Haria lizard and the rugoso or majorero perenquén are the only reptiles capable of living here. feeding on insects and some plants.

Among the birds, there are many migratory birds that seek quiet places to establish temporary colonies. The best example is found in  Coastal strip, where a large number of seabirds take refuge, such as the Cory's shearwater, which forms one of the most important colonies of migratory birds in the Canary Islands.

We can also find the raven, the common kestrel, and others like the Egyptian vulture, called guirre (Neophron percnopterus) in the Canary Islands, or the common pigeon have their permanent refuge in the Fuego mountain.

Where is it

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