Geography of Lanzarote

Geography of Lanzarote

Like the rest of the Canary Islands, Lanzarote is an entirely volcanic island, with an abundance of manifestations belonging to recent or sub-recent episodes that characterize a large part of its landscape. It is the northernmost island of the Canary Islands, and is considered to form a group with the small archipelago made up of the group of islets formed by La Graciosa, Alegranza and Montaña Clara, together with Roque del Este and Roque del Oeste or Roque del Inferno, which form the so-called Chinijo Archipelago.

Lanzarote is located between parallels 29°25 (Punta Mosegos, Alegranza) and 18°50 (Punta de Papagayo) of North latitude and between meridians 13°20 (Roque del Este) and 14°57 (Punta Ginés) of West longitude . It occupies an area of 862 km2, which, adding the 43 km2 of the Islets, represents a total of 905 km2.

Lanzarote sits on the same platform as the neighboring island of Fuerteventura. The greatest depths in this insular area do not reach a hundred meters. It is also noteworthy that the distance between the island and Cape Juby, on the next African coast, is about 140 km.

The greatest distance in the longitudinal direction of the island is 58 km, while in the transverse direction, between two points located on the same parallel, it is 34.5 km. Its heights are modest, since its highest point is only ;it reaches 670 m in the Peñas del Chache

The total extension of the coasts is 213 km2. Only in the geologically oldest area do cliffs of a certain height appear, but in the most recent sectors the coast is rocky, with small cliffs. Beaches are plentiful on the east coast and in the south, while in the west it is more rocky or steep, with the exception of Famara beach.


Distance in Km to:

  • Africa: With the North African coast it is about 100.60 km (140 km between the island and Cape Juby) approximately.
  • Peninsula: The Canary Islands are located about 1,000 km from the nearest peninsular coast.
  • Other Islandss: A little over 400 km to the north are the Madeira Islands and to the south, about 1,300 km away, is the archipelago of Cape Verde.< /li>