El Jable

El Jable

The jables (sands) cover the clay soil. After the plowing soil, holes are opened until the clay is reached, manure is placed and guano next to the seed, finally covering itself with the same jable. Of sweet potatoes are grown this way and, to a lesser extent, pumpkins, cabbage, tomatoes, watermelons and other crops. This type of cultivation can be observe in other islands of Macaronesia, such as Porto Santo (Madeira) or Salt (Cape Verde).

To fight against the constant winds that blow from the NE the cultivation plots are fenced with fences, generally made with rye straw. The bards are arranged perpendicularly and parallel to the prevailing winds. Another of its functions is that of stop the wind sands because if not, the aerial parts of the sands plants would not only be hit, but by acting as an obstacle they would be buried.

The manifest aridity of Lanzarote is wiped clean with the use of the jables, since these Organic sands conserve and condense moisture. Likewise favor the growth and development of plants by acting as thermal insulation. The characteristics of the jables allow Surprisingly, the cultivation of water-demanding vegetables in a dry regime.

After knowing a time of heyday around the sixties, the jables have been affected by gradual abandonment. Today sweet potatoes and watermelons are planted in a extension less than 400 hectares.