Lanzarote Biosphere Reserve

Lanzarote Biosphere Reserve

Lanzarote was declared in the year 1993 Biosphere Reserve by the United Nations Organization for Education, Science and Culture (UNESCO).

Among the reasons for such appointment we must highlight:

To all this we must add that the island has a natural area that offers unparalleled characteristics:

Just as the flora and fauna have had to adapt to the physical environment that surrounds them, the inhabitants of the Island have adapted their traditions and traditional uses to the environment, flourishing a very specialized agricultural culture, developing techniques such as cultivation in sand volcanoes, cochineal farming, fishing and the salt industry.

The development of tourism has led to a progressive abandonment of traditional agriculture towards the service sector with an increase in hotel beds and apartments. This relative overcrowding has threatened to overwhelm the island ecosystem.

In order to stop this development, a series of policies have been put in place with a view to the sustainability of Lanzarote as a Biosphere Reserve, and as a result of this the denomination began, the drafting and formulation of the Plan Lanzarote en la Biosfera, an ambitious study that aims to serve of global strategy for the sustainable development of the Island.

The content of this program emphasizes the preservation and sustainable use of natural resources, biodiversity, the physical environment and the landscape. Promoting the recovery and restoration of cultural heritage, encouraging the sustainable development of the island economy, and minimizing, in turn, the consumption of resources and the generation of waste. The Lanzarote Plan in the Biosphere has been designed from the perspective of citizen participation.

This change of course in island politics received international support with the declaration of Lanzarote as a Biosphere Reserve within the MAB program, Man and Biosphere.